Top 10 List:
The 7 Ancient Wonders of the World
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The list of the seven most impressive monuments of the Ancient World was originally compiled around the second century BC, though over time the composition of the list varied. The final list of the Seven Wonders was compiled during the Middle Ages. Not all of these were around at the same time.
Here is the list of Ancient Wonders of the World, listed chronologically.
|1.||The Great Pyramid of Giza||A gigantic stone structure that was located near the ancient city of Memphis, which served as a tomb for the Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops), a king of the fourth dynasty. It had an original estimated height of 482 ft (now it is approximately 450 ft). The base has sides 755 ft long. It contains 2,300,000 blocks; the average weight of each is 2.5 tons. This is the only Wonder that is still intact and can be visited in the suburbs of Cairo, Egypt.|
|2.||The Hanging Gardens of Babylon||A palace with legendary gardens, built on the banks of the Euphrates river by King Nebuchadnezzar II, built around 600 B.C. .|
|3.||The Statue of Zeus at Olympia||An enormous statue of the Greek father of gods Zeus (Jupiter). It was carved by the great sculptor Pheidias in the 5th century B.C,. It was made of gold and ivory and reputed to be 40 ft high.|
|4.||The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus||A beautiful temple composed of Ionic columns 60 ft high. It was located in Asia Minor, and erected in honor of the Greek goddess of hunting and wild nature, Artemis (Diana). The temple was begun about 350 B.C. and destroyed by invading Goths in A.D. 262. Today, you can visit the ruins of this temple, a short walk from the Turkish city of Selçuk.|
|5.||The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus||A tomb constructed for King Maussollos (or Mausolus), the Persian satrap of Caria. It was erected by Queen Artemisia in memory of her husband, who died in 353 B.C. . Some remains of the structure can be found in the British Museum, London.|
|6.||The Colossus of Rhodes||A large bronze statue, about 105 ft high, of Helios (Apollo) the sun-god. It was erected by the Greeks near the harbor of a Mediterranean Island. It took 12 years by the sculptor Chares to complete. It was finished in 280 B.C., to be destroyed during an earthquake 56 years later.|
|7.||The Pharos (Lighthouse) of Alexandria||A lighthouse built by the Ptolemies on the island of Pharos, off the coast of Egypt, during the 3rd century B.C. It was destroyed by an earthquake in the 13th century.|